Cancer is known as one of the most critical diseases in the world. The medical term for cancer is malignant neoplasm, which means irregular and unregulated multiplication of cells in the body, but in common parlance we know it as uncontrollable cell growth. Proper cancer care and treatment can help control the cell division process and prevent the cancer from getting worse.
Some tumors can also affect other organs in the body and can invade and grow in nearby parts of the body. Not all cancerous tumors are malignant, which means that some of the cancerous tumors do not grow out of control and these tumors do not affect other parts of the body.
Types of Cancer:
Depending on the parts of the body where it develops and the type of cell growth, cancer is divided into the following types.
- Breast cancer
- Bladder cancer
- colon and rectal cancer
- kidney cancer
- endometrial cancer
- melanoma cancer
- Lung cancer
- pancreatic cancer
- Non-Hodgkin cancer
- thyroid cancer and
- prostate cancer
- Skin cancer
Breast cancer, melanoma, lung and bladder cancer are the most common of all the types mentioned above.
Causes of cancer:
All cells in our body follow a regulated process of growth, division, and death. When this process breaks down for some reason, the cells in the body start to grow and divide uncontrollably and this process is known as cancer. Unlike normal cells, cancer cells do not die. These cells continue to multiply and grow.
There can be many reasons for these cells to grow abnormally. Let us read the main reason for this irregular cell growth:
DNA damage or mutation can cause uncontrollable cell growth. There are genes that regulate the growth, division and death of death. When any of these genes become damaged or damaged, cells begin to grow abnormally.
There are four types of genes that are involved in cell growth and division control. Oncogenes regulate cells to divide while; Tumor suppressor genes see when division should stop. The job of the suicide genes is to tell cells to commit suicide or kill themselves when something bad seems to be going on in the body and the last DNA repair genes direct cells to repair damaged DNA.
When cells are unable to correct damaged DNA due to cell mutation, cancer occurs. This activity prevents cells from committing suicide, causing uncontrollable cell growth.
It is very important to know and observe the symptoms of cancer. Awareness about the symptoms of any disease can be helpful in treating it. Doctors say that if you see any signs of cancer and see a doctor right away, it’s quite possible to stop and treat the problem. Since there are different types of cancer and they can grow in different parts of the body, the symptoms of cancer vary depending on the type of cancer and the organ in the body where it occurs. Symptoms may also depend on how large or small the cancerous tumor is and how much area or tissue it has affected.
When the cancer starts to grow, it pushes on nearby organs or nerves, causing some irritation and pain, but in some cases, these symptoms do not occur unless the cancer has already grown to a larger stage. Many people find that a small tumor continually aches or irritates nearby organs. Extreme tiredness and sudden weight loss are other possible symptoms of cancer.
It is observed that in some cases the cancer cells release some substance into the blood stream which causes some unusual and irrelevant symptoms like blood clots in the veins and numb body parts.
Available cancer treatments:
Science has reached new heights in medicines and treatments. Diseases once thought untreatable are now treatable. Surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, monoclonal antibody therapy, and immunotherapy are the most successful ways to treat cancer. Surgery is one of the most common ways preferred all over the world to get rid of cancer. There are many alternative treatments also available to cure cancer. Awareness is always helpful. If you know the problem and its roots, it will be easier for you to fight the ad and eradicate it.